For a long time neither species had an official name, but were called a variety of things.  Behind only the two species of bison, the moose is the second largest of extant terrestrial wildlife after the bisons in North America, Siberia, and Europe. Since 1963, the program has continued at Kostroma Moose Farm, which had a herd of 33 tame moose as of 2003. Excavations in Alby, Sweden, adjacent to the Stora Alvaret have yielded moose antlers in wooden hut remains from 6000 BCE, indicating some of the earliest moose hunting in northern Europe. , The moose became extinct in Britain during the Bronze Age, long before the European arrival in the Americas. L'Orignal (Alces alces Americana) Orignal mâle: Orignal femelle: Description : L’orignal mâle adulte, doté de son panache complet, est l’animal le plus imposant de l’Amérique du Nord.  In 1978, a few breeding pairs were reintroduced in western Colorado, and the state's moose population is now more than 1,000. 1 sous-espèce est exclusivement européenne : ♦ Alces alcas alces : élan européen : cette sous-espèce habite la Scandinavie, la Finlande, la humans benefit economically by promoting tourism that focuses on the appreciation of natural areas or animals. (Bowyer, et al., 2003; Franzmann, 1981; Renecker and Schwartz, 2007), Wolves, brown or grizzly bears, black bears, and cougars are major predators of moose, and to a lesser extent coyotes and Amur tigers. National Science Foundation scrub forests develop in areas that experience dry seasons. They inhabit the taiga and temperate forest biomes, including the tundra-subalpine zone. These migrations can exceed 300km in European populations. Rutting and mating occurs in September and October. Il n’est pas vendu dans les magasins et est disponible sur de nombr… • Découvrez des millions d'œuvres originales, imaginées par des artistes indépendants. Hundertmark, K., R. Bowyer. Alces definition is - the genus of mammals (order Artiodactyla) comprising the moose and the European elk. Journal of Applied Ecology, 42: 371-382. The FASEB Journal 33, no. Females make a long, quavering moaning call when in estrus, which attracts males and can be heard up to 3.2 km away. 247-273 in A Franzmann, C Schwartz, eds. In northern Scandinavia one can still find remains of trapping pits used for hunting moose. Changes in the relationship between palmate and cervine antlers in moose in southeastern Norway. Franzmann, A. W., LeResche, R. E., Rausch, R. A., & Oldemeyer, J. L. (1978).  Dictionaries of the 18th century simply described "elk" as a deer that was "as large as a horse". Ballard, W., V. Van Ballenberghe. It is now known that moose in Central Asia (Yakutia) also have 70 chromosomes and share mitochondrial DNA halotypes with European and North American moose. "AN ASSESSMENT OF MOOSE AND ELK TRAIN COLLISIONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA." , Alces alces (the modern moose) appeared during the late Pleistocene epoch. However the consumption of moose liver or kidneys significantly increased cadmium intake, with the study revealing that heavy consumers of moose organs have a relatively narrow safety margin below the levels which would probably cause adverse health effects. Many fossils of Cervalces latifrons have been found in Siberia, dating from about 1.2 to 0.5 million years ago. Tanya Dewey (editor), Animal Diversity Web. Besides forested habitats, moose will seek out areas near water, such as ponds, lakes, rivers and swamps, which also have a concentration of their favorite foods. , Moose avoid areas with little or no snow as this increases the risk of predation by wolves and avoid areas with deep snow, as this impairs mobility. An Alces alces in uska species han Mammalia nga syahan ginhulagway ni Linnaeus hadton 1758.  Typically, however, the antlers of a mature bull are between 1.2 m (3.9 ft) and 1.5 m (4.9 ft). ", Många viltolyckor – inget görs – Mellerud, "Cervalces latifrons | Natural History Museum", Alces: A journal devoted to the biology and management of moose (Alces alces), A moose in the National Nature Park "Losinyj Ostrov" ("Moose" or "Elk" Island) in Russia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Moose&oldid=998759797, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from January 2019, Articles with Estonian-language sources (et), Articles with Swedish-language sources (sv), Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Articles containing Swedish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ranges from northeastern Siberia from the. HABITAT: Forêts boréales et subarctiques 1".  For unknown reasons, the moose population is declining rapidly in the Midwest.. Ginklasipika han IUCN an species komo diri gud kababarak-an. An Alces alces in nahilalakip ha genus nga Alces, ngan familia nga Cervidae. , Bull moose have antlers like other members of the deer family. This is bigger than even the Irish elk (megacerine), which was 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in) tall at the shoulders. Levels of cadmium were found to be considerably higher than in Scandinavia. 1974. Kelsall, J., E. Tefler. Scrafford, Matthew A., and Mark S. Boyce. Boulder, CO: University Press of Colorado. Few species of trees are present; these are primarily conifers that grow in dense stands with little undergrowth. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. Pp. Daniel De Bord (author), University of Alaska Fairbanks, Link E. Olson (editor, instructor), University of Alaska Fairbanks. and across multiple seasons (or other periods hospitable to reproduction).  Males will fight for access to females. Pp. Like its descendants, it inhabited mostly northern latitudes, and was probably well-adapted to the cold. Accessed May 2, 2020. www.jstor.org/stable/23736846. The shape of these, and the varied color of their skins, is much like roes, but in size they surpass them a little and are destitute of horns, and have legs without joints and ligatures; nor do they lie down for the purpose of rest, nor, if they have been thrown down by any accident, can they raise or lift themselves up. In Europe, moose are currently found in large numbers throughout Norway, Sweden, Finland, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, with more modest numbers in the southern Czech Republic, Belarus and northern Ukraine. The young will stay with the mother until just before the next young are born. chemicals released into air or water that are detected by and responded to by other animals of the same species, having more than one female as a mate at one time. Topics Males and females attract each other by making vocalizations and scent marking trees. This equals about 5,600 tons of nitrogen, which is essential for plant growth. Its antlers consisted of a horizontal bar 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) long, with no tines, ending in small palmations. They are not territorial. Engan, J.  The head-and-body length is 2.4–3.1 m (7.9–10.2 ft), with the vestigial tail adding only a further 5–12 cm (2.0–4.7 in). L. gallicus had many striking differences from its modern descendants. Such a division has caused confusion and does not represent the latest genetic research. , The moose population in New Hampshire fell from 7,500 in the early 2000s to a current[when?] The lower prong of this fork may be either simple, or divided into two or three tines, with some flattening. The earliest known species is Libralces gallicus (French moose), which lived in the Pliocene epoch, about 2 million years ago. , In Ontario, Canada, an estimated 265 moose die each year as a result of collision with trains. Naturaliste Canadien, 101: 393-415.  Collisions of this type are frequently fatal; seat belts and airbags offer little protection. European moose are often more aggressive than North American moose, such as the moose in Sweden, which often become very agitated at the sight of a predator. In 1983, 152,000 moose were harvested in Sweden, representing 14% of the total meat consumption of the country. Pp. Alces alces El alce (Alces alces) (en dellos llugares tamién conocíu como ante o alce) ye una especie de mamíferu artiodáctilu de la familia de los cérvidos. Le pelage de l’orignal est sombre, allant du noirâtre au brun foncé, et relativement plus clair au niveau du visage. These plants are rather low in sodium, and moose generally need to consume a good quantity of aquatic plants. " This requires intense grazing on a highly-nutritious diet. Nappe pur coton enduit imperméable coloris orange Mille alcees feu • Qualité haut de gamme • Port 72h offert dès 99€, -20% sur le 1er achat Moose populations are stable at 25 calves for every 100 cows at 1 year of age. "Linking moose habitat selection to limiting factors." 2005. The status and management of moose in North America circa 2000-01. Moose foraging can inhibit the growth of young trees. It has been hypothesized that this is due to the differences in nutritional needs of the sexes due to body size differences. a wetland area rich in accumulated plant material and with acidic soils surrounding a body of open water. Moose d'Alaska - Alces Alces Le moose d'Alaska est un mammifère appelé élan en Europe ou orignaux au Canada. Dr. Valerius Geist, who emigrated to Canada from the Soviet Union, wrote in his 1999 book Moose: Behaviour, Ecology, Conservation: In Sweden, no fall menu is without a mouthwatering moose dish. Unlike other large, hooved mammals, such as horses, moose can kick in all directions including sideways. having markings, coloration, shapes, or other features that cause an animal to be camouflaged in its natural environment; being difficult to see or otherwise detect. Moose: Alces alces  However, a moose antler was found in 1972, and DNA tests showed that hair collected in 2002 was from a moose. Naturaliste Canadien, 101: 117-130. During the rut, mature bulls will cease feeding completely for a period of approximately two weeks; this fasting behavior has been attributed to neurophysiological changes related to redeployment of olfaction for detection of moose urine and moose cows. RESUME. Predation by bears tends to be the highest in the spring when calves are the most vulnerable. Keller, Anna, Marcus Clauss, Evelyne Muggli, and Karl Nuss. the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic. , Their fur consist of two layers; top layer of long guard hairs and a soft wooly undercoat. Sa taille, mesurée au garrot, dépasse celle des plus grands chevaux de selle. Les populations se sont considérablement accrues grâce à l'amélioration de l'habitat et sa protection, mais pour des raisons inconnues, la population d'orignaux diminue rapidement4. 2008. Regelin, W., A. Franzmann. Males make a grunt to court females or challenge other bulls. In North America, nearly 3,000 occur each year. If the female is not bred within this time, she will recycle through estrus in about three weeks. (Bowyer, et al., 2003; Novak, 1999; Regelin and Franzmann, 1998), Vehicle collisions with moose are a serious problem in North America and Europe. ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Oecologia, 94: 472-479. Alaskan moose have been reported to successfully fend off attacks from both black and brown bears. , Cadmium levels are high in Finnish elk liver and kidneys, with the result that consumption of these organs from elk more than one year old is prohibited in Finland. Males produce heavy grunting sounds that can be heard from up to 500 meters away, while females produce wail-like sounds. Élan Pour les articles homonymes, voir Élan (homonymie), Éland et L Orignal In interior Alaska willows accounted for 94% of the biomass consumed in the winter. communicates by producing scents from special gland(s) and placing them on a surface whether others can smell or taste them. Referring to something living or located adjacent to a waterbody (usually, but not always, a river or stream). L. gallicus was 1.25 times larger than the Alaskan moose in linear dimensions, making it nearly twice as massive. , In Sweden, a road will not be fenced unless it experiences at least one moose accident per km per year. Female moose have an eight-month gestation period, usually bearing one calf, or twins if food is plentiful, in May or June.  In the North Siberian moose (A. a. bedfordiae), the posterior division of the main fork divides into three tines, with no distinct flattening. Such proposals remained unimplemented, mainly because the extensive hunting for moose that was deregulated in the 1790s nearly drove it to extinction. Fire, logging, flooding, or glacial action greatly increase the quality and quantity of forage for moose and, ultimately, moose density. In book 8, chapter 16 of Pliny the Elder's Natural History from 77 CE, the elk and an animal called achlis, which is presumably the same animal, are described thus: ... there is, also, the moose, which strongly resembles our steers, except that it is distinguished by the length of the ears and of the neck. Déscription : L’orignal mâle adulte, doté de son panache complet, est l’animal le plus imposant de l’Amérique du Nord. In North America, moose have been observed to consume as many as 221 plant species and genera, and in Russia 355, although only a select few comprise a significant portion of their diet. Within these forests, they prefer the early successional stage, where forage is in abundance due to disturbance. They are most likely to attack if annoyed or harassed, or if approached too closely. that region of the Earth between 23.5 degrees North and 60 degrees North (between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle) and between 23.5 degrees South and 60 degrees South (between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle). , In the Canadian province of New Brunswick, collisions between automobiles and moose are frequent enough that all new highways have fences to prevent moose from accessing the road, as has long been done in Finland, Norway, and Sweden.  Moose are cold-adapted mammals with thickened skin, dense, heat-retaining coat, and a low surface:volume ratio, which provides excellent cold tolerance but poor heat tolerance. These pits, which can be up to 4 m × 7 m (13 ft 1 in × 23 ft 0 in) in area and 2 m (6 ft 7 in) deep, would have been camouflaged with branches and leaves. Journal of Mammalogy 99, no. Predation by wolves is higher in the winter when snow depths are high enough to impede the movement of moose. They would have had steep sides lined with planks, making it impossible for the moose to escape once it fell in.  As a result of a study reported in 1988, the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources recommended against the consumption of moose and deer kidneys and livers. Incidental mortality. Search in feature Moose milk is harvested from captive moose in some areas, including Russia and Sweden.  In 1736, Samuel Dale wrote to the Royal Society of Great Britain: The common light-grey moose, called by the Indians, Wampoose, and the large or black-moose, which is the beast whose horns I herewith present.  Biologists studying moose populations typically use warm-season, heat-stress thresholds of between 14 and 24 °C (57 and 75 °F). ranking system or pecking order among members of a long-term social group, where dominance status affects access to resources or mates.  Brown bears (Ursus arctos) are also known to prey on moose of various sizes and are the only predator besides the wolf to attack moose both in Eurasia and North America. (On-line). Population distribution, density, and trends. Márquez, Samuel, Anthony S. Pagano, Carrie S. Mongle, Kurt H. Albertine, and Jeffrey T. Laitman. , Like any wild animal, moose are unpredictable. Other species that are consumed are paper birch (Betula papyrifera), quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides), and balsam fir (Abies balsamea).
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